Nearly 50% of Americans over the age of 30 suffer from periodontal (gum) disease, a leading cause of tooth loss. Are you one of them? If so, you’re probably wondering what to do. Here’s what you should know about treating gum disease with periodontal therapy in Coconut Grove.
Gum disease happens when the tissues that hold your teeth in places become infected. It comes from plaque, which is caused by bacteria in your mouth that isn’t properly eliminated. There are two types: gingivitis, which is reversible and doesn’t need periodontal therapy, and periodontitis, which requires periodontal therapy.
The number one cause of gum disease is improper brushing and flossing. Other things like hormonal changes, smoking, uncontrolled diabetes, and genetics can be risk factors for gum disease.
The gold standard for the first step in treating gum disease is non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT). This includes a deep cleaning known as scaling and root planing. During this procedure, a dental hygienist uses special instruments to remove plaque biofilm and calculus and then smooth the root surfaces. It may take several visits to complete.
Diligent home care is the second most important piece of fighting gum disease. The dental hygienist can do their very best job at NSPT, but if you aren’t working hard at home it can return and even progress at a more severe stage.
Brushing at least two times a day and flossing between the teeth at least once daily is necessary to keep the bacteria at bay. You should brush and floss in the morning and before bed, as well as after eating. Brush after drinking as well, especially after consuming sugary beverages.
Implementing other protocols like mouth rinses and tongue cleanings can further help. Additionally, be sure to keep your dental appointments for regular check-ups and cleanings.
Dr. Omar Villavicencio and our team are ready to help you get your gums back to health. Give us a call today at 786-310-3540 or request an appointment online now to reclaim your oral health!